Un rapport conjoint de la Commission européenne et l’OECD
Voir: World Corporate Top R&D Investors: Innovation and IP bundles (March 2015)
Avec des statistiques du genre: Composition of patenting companies’ trademark portfolio, 2010-12/ A3.1 Top 4 trademark classes associated with patented technologies, USPTO
It all started with beaver fur, black velvet and chicken wire.
That’s what Chester Greenwood, an inventive 15-year-old, gave his grandmother to sew together to help him ice skate longer in the Maine winter.
After three years of improvements, he patented the contraption as the “Champion Ear Protector,” or “ear-mufflers,” on March 13, 1877.
Before Mr. Greenwood died in 1937, his company was churning out 400,000 earmuffs annually at its peak — many of them for the U.S. military.
But he didn’t stop with earmuffs. He had more than 100 patents and inventions, including the steel-tooth rake, a teakettle with a special bottom, a pipe vise and an umbrella holder for mail carriers.
Chester Greenwood Day is still celebrated in Maine each December.
USPTO donne d’autres exemples en informatique pour déterminer si une idée est abstraite ou brevetableJanuary 28, 2015
http://www.uspto.gov/patents/law/exam/abstract_idea_examples.pdf (avec des exemples plus en informatique)
qui a été ajouté à la page: http://www.uspto.gov/patents/law/exam/interim_guidance_subject_matter_eligibility.jsp
a new U.S. Patent Utility service that allows companies to find underused patents for technology they can put into commercial use
https://uspatentutility.com/ (le site offre des rabais de frais de service pour les startups)
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Just three days before he died in a plane crash outside of Madison, Wis., Otis Redding recorded the number one hit “The Dock of the Bay” about a person that was fed up with a hectic life in Georgia and traveled to the San Francisco Bay to just sit on a dock. There is just something alluring about docks, some element that captivates our attention, draws us in, and triggers some distant emotion that is embedded deeply within. The allure may be tied to the merging aspect of a dock that allows us to move from land to sea, to experience the water from a more intimate perspective. However, I don’t think anyone can really put their finger on exactly what it is, although many have spoken of this allure through song, poetry, paintings and other forms of art. In fact, if you do a GOOGLE search on “poetry about docks” you find more than 1.2 million hits.
So, whether you have left your home in Georgia and are “sittin’ on the dock of the bay watching the tide roll away, watching the ships roll in”, simply “wastin’ time”, hosting a barbeque or securing your boat down for the evening, there are certainly things that are important about your dock. One such matter of importance is that you generally don’t want your experience of the water to include falling into the water as the deck collapses. More specifically, in constructing docks, especially those that are accessible to the public, safety and longevity are of utmost concern. Unlike Darwin’s theory that chaos moves towards order, items that are constructed, such as docks, decks, etc, generally decay or degrade over time due to wear-and-tear, weather stress, use stress, rust, or the like. As a result, a dock that may have originally been constructed in accordance with stringent safety requirements, may deteriorate to a point at which the dock is simply unsafe. To prevent such deterioration, the dock should be periodically maintained. However, it is desirable to construct docks and other items in a manner that maintains the structural integrity and safety with a minimum amount of maintenance or up keep.
One of the developments in industry that addresses this need in the art was the application of aluminum in the construction of docks and decks. Aluminum is truly the ideal structural material for dock systems. Aluminum demonstrates excellent weathering characteristics as a result of its rust prohibiting properties and exceptional structural strength. This combination of properties virtually eliminates maintenance and greatly increases the longevity of a dock or deck. Moreover, when used for decking, aluminum flooring is cool to the touch and splinter free. Thus, aluminum docks never require sanding, sealing, staining or painting.
When building a dock or a deck out of wood, the required building blocks are readily accessible in most large scale home improvement centers such as LOWES or HOME DEPOT. The supply of treated two-by-fours, four-by-fours, six-by-sixes, one-by-six planks, etc., can be easily purchased and cut as necessary to construct the dock or deck. However, to construct a dock or deck out of aluminum components is a different story. Unlike the lumber industry, there are no standard building blocks that are readily available for constructing such a structure out of aluminum. Further, working with aluminum is completely different than working with lumber. Working with aluminum requires different tools and most likely even requires welding. All of these factors have tended to remove aluminum construction from the hands of the typical do-it-yourself handy-man. What is needed in the art is a technology that enables the construction of aluminum structures, such as decks and docks in a manner that is safe, efficient and structurally sound. In addition, it is desirable for such a solution to also include a standard set of components that can be easily inventoried in a supply store without overwhelming the retail companies with larger number of components. Furthermore, it is desirable for such a solution to enable the do-it-yourself handy-man to build a structure out of aluminum.
Denmark, Mexico, Morocco, Norway and the Russia Federation join Designview : https://secure2.gov.mt/ipo/Intellectual_Property_Office_Malta/News.aspx?newsid=184&ct=1
From European IPR Helpdesk: https://www.iprhelpdesk.eu/node/2827?pk_campaign=Newsletter344&pk_kwd=News1
Leaders des multinationales en termes de brevets voir le site interactif: Patent Power 2014 http://bit.ly/1vtfZsr via @IEEESpectrum
Description: Each scorecard below is an interactive table containing the top 20 companies in each industry segment.
Study analyzes patent data and scientific literature for clues to the next decade’s biggest breakthroughsNovember 11, 2014
Les prédictions: http://sciencewatch.com/tags/2025
America’s Pastime Patents
Cooling weather, changing leaves, and the start of holiday preparations – for many, these signs of the changing season are first in mind when autumn arrives.
But for me, the fall means something else. The crack of the bat, a 98 mph heater in the crucial 9th inning, and the champions of so many memorable World Series, including the 1979 Pirates, the 1983 Orioles, and the 1988 Dodgers. Along with all the memories and fun, baseball would also be less enjoyable without proper equipment to keep the players safe. And guess what, there are patents for all of that!
Note: This article is part of an ongoing series detailing some of the Inventors Eye staff’s favorite patents. For each article, the writer selects their five favorite patents under a given theme. This list is from Management and Program Analyst Bruce Mihalick.
This invention by George W. Harper of McNeil, Arkansas, was patented on July 12, 1932. While spiked shoes had been in use for quite some time, Harper’s baseball cleats changed the way sports footwear was designed. His innovation, was not only essential to running and the protection of a player’s foot, but also provided the traction necessary for stopping while being safer for defending players. As we all know, Ty Cobb had other (infamous) uses for the metal spike cleat prior to Harper’s invention.
Armor for Base-Ball Players
Having received a patent for this chest protector on July 7, 1908, former White Sox catcher Billy Sullivan was one of the few professional baseball players who actually invented equipment for the game he played and loved. I like this invention for obvious reasons: imagine unsuccessfully trying to catch a 95 mph fastball with no chest protection . . . ouch!
Other than the ball itself, a glove (or mitt) is the most basic and essential piece of equipment a baseball player needs. Most every kid who has played the game from little league on up has that favorite glove that they took months to break in just right. While players had been using gloves at least 50 years earlier, William L. Doak of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, earned a patent for this fielder’s glove on August 22, 1922. Doak’s glove uniquely employed a net between the thumb and the index fingers, an important innovation in glove design that is still used today.
Improvement in Masks (Catcher’s Mask)
Before the invention of this mask, which has been said to resemble a very sturdy birdcage, baseball catchers played bare faced. Even today, with all the refinements and improvements that have been made to face mask technology, catchers are injured more than any other player besides pitchers. Imagine trying to catch a curve, slider, or fastball and you miss and take it squarely on the mouth, or your nose, or in the eye! First introduced by Harvard University’s baseball team, this innovation was patented by Frederick W. Thayer, the team’s manager, on February 12, 1878.
Adjustable Batting Tee
Batting tees have been a training aid for many years and are key to helping youngsters learn the game of baseball. However, one of the primary challenges with many tees is that they are not height adjustable. This invention, patented by Roy C. Bird from Ann Arbor, Michigan, on November 4, 1952, helped players set the tee’s height to find their correct swing plane. What better way to learn and develop hand-eye coordination and proper swing mechanics? No doubt this invention has been used by many a little leaguer dreaming of being the next Bryce Harper!