Voir le rapport publié par Thomson Reuters (le Canada n’est pas le seul absent, il y a aussi l’Italie, la Chine, les pays du BRIC, UK …)
Le palmarès est basé sur de l’analyse de statistiques de brevets. Voici quelques critères:
• Success – patenting an invention through one or more patent offices is expensive. Not all patent applications pass through the examination process and are granted. The success metric measures the ratio of published applications (those patents which are filed and publicly published by the patent office but not yet granted) to granted patents over the most recent three years.
• Global – protecting an invention in major world markets is an indication of the significant value a company places on its intellectual property. The number of “innovative” patents that have quadrilateral patents in their patent families, according to the Thomson Reuters Quadrilateral Patent Index, was calculated to create a ratio that shows which companies place a high value on their portfolios in major world markets. The quadrilateral patent authorities is comprised of the Chinese Patent Office, the European Patent Office, the Japanese Patent Office and the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
• Influence – the impact of an invention “down the line” can be determined by looking at how often it is subsequently cited by other companies in their inventions. Through the Thomson Reuters Derwent Patents Citation Index database, we counted citations to each organizations’ patents over the most recent five years, excluding self-citations, and put a weighted value on this measurement of 50%.
• Volume – this award focuses on companies that are responsible for generating a sizeable amount of innovation. All organizations with 100 or more “innovative” patents from the most recent three years were included in our analysis. An “innovative” patent is defined as the first publication in a patent document of a new technology, drug, business process, etc. In DWPI, these are called “basic” patents. DWPI provides a record of patents published by nearly 50 patent issuing authorities worldwide to enable a comprehensive picture of the innovation landscape. Subsequent filings for the same invention are recorded as “equivalents” in DWPI and collated in “patent families” and, for this analysis, were not included.
Voir le résumé du rapport publié par IAM