The appellant ARAM Systems Ltd. (Aram) is in the business of designing and manufacturing seismic data acquisition equipment. The respondent NovAtel Inc. (NovAtel) designs and manufactures customized global positioning system (GPS) devices for incorporation by its customers into specialized equipment. Patrick Fenton (Fenton) is the chief technology officer of NovAtel. Norman David Heidebrecht (Heidebrecht) is the former engineering manager of Aram.
 Aram and NovAtel dispute the ownership of a patent issued to NovAtel on October 3, 2006, by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) (Patent). Aram claims that NovAtel wrongfully derived the Patent from Heidebrecht, who communicated his idea to NovAtel and Fenton at a meeting on June 18, 2003 (June 18 Meeting). Aram further claims that NovAtel breached a non-disclosure agreement (NDA) entered into by the parties at the June 18 Meeting as well as its duty of confidentiality. NovAtel counterclaims in respect of both the Patent ownership and alleged breach of the NDA by Aram.
 Aram appeals the trial judge’s conclusions that: Heidebrecht was neither the inventor nor the co-inventor of the Patent; NovAtel and Fenton did not breach the NDA or their duty of confidentiality; and Aram breached the NDA.